Evolution of the Internet

What is the Internet?
The Internet is a system of computer networks connected together and use standard protocols to share data and information.
Although the Internet had its origins since the 1960’s, the widespread/ commercial use of the Internet began in 1995.

On October 24, 1995, the Federal Networking Council (FNC) passed a resolution defining the term Internet.
“RESOLUTION: The Federal Networking Council (FNC) agrees that the following language reflects our definition of the term “Internet”. “Internet” refers to the global information system that — (i) is logically linked together by a globally unique address space based on the Internet Protocol (IP) or its subsequent extensions/follow-ons; (ii) is able to support communications using the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) suite or its subsequent extensions/follow-ons, and/or other IP-compatible protocols; and (iii) provides, uses or makes accessible, either publicly or privately, high level services layered on the communications and related infrastructure described herein.”

Since the mid-nineties, the Internet grew at an exponential rate, doubling in size every nine to fourteen
months.

Evolution of the Internet
The Internet had evolved from a simple resource sharing tool into a mighty communication tool. Factors that helped were increased speed and the increasing power and affordability of personal computers. The current Internet can carry almost 200,000 times as many bits per second as compared to the original Internet.

Internet communication had evolved from exchanging text-only to complex graphics, video, audio and other high-quality multimedia content.

Most traditional communications systems moved from analog to digital using modern Internet protocols. Here are some examples:

Telephone systems – moved from analog to Voice Over IP (VOIP).
Cellular services – moved from analog to digital, such as 4G LTE.
Cable TV – moved from analog to Internet Protocol (IP), delivered over the internet.

Current Internet Trends:

Social networking web applications, such as Facebook and YouTube, have revolutionized social interaction and the way people meet and communicate.
Ecommerce applications such as Paypal, web banking and online shopping carts, have revolutionized the way people shop and manage finances.

Cloud Computing: Computing have moved from personal individual computing to cloud computing. Instead of storing applications and data on their local computers, the cloud model allows individuals and companies to run applications and store their data through a cloud provider. Cloud computing is flexible and has a lower cost than individual computing. The customer, whether an individual or a company, pays only for computing resources they already need.

 

 

Sources:
“The Federal Networking Council”. NITRD Archive. October 10, 1997. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
Comer, Douglas E., Computer Networks and Internets
www.internetsociety.org